Very common in casinos, blackjack has existed since the end of the 18th century: it was then called “21”. Mixing two existing games, the railroad, and the French farm, it quickly became a traditional practice in Parisian casinos. Since the arrival of virtual casinos in the 1990s and their development in the 2000s, blackjack continues to attract an ever-increasing number of players: to get started, you just naturally start by knowing the rules!
The goal of the game: how to win blackjack?
All players, during a game of blackjack, are opposed to the bank. Each begins by receiving two cards, then draws successively new ones. It must approach the number 21 without exceeding it.
To win at blackjack, you have to beat the dealer:
- By obtaining a number of points higher than him;
- By making the game last until it exceeds 21 before the other players.
- It is important to understand that all players successively fight against the dealer, who represents the bank. They don’t play against each other.
- When a card draw causes the player to exceed 21, he loses his initial bet. In the language of casinos, it is said to “jump.”
How to play blackjack well?
The composition of the game and the value of the cards
A game of blackjack consists of cards from 2 to 10 (their value is similar to that of the card – for example, the 4 of clubs brings 4 points). There are also aces that can bring 1 or 11 point (s), depending on the choice of the player. Finally, the game of blackjack also contains “logs.” These cards, whether a king, queen, or valet, always bring 10 points.
The course of the game
The dealer begins by distributing a discovery card to each player – he draws a visible for him too. The dealer then distributes a second uncovered card to each player.
Once each player has two cards, each player has a choice: if he announces “Card!” He is given a new card – he can ask as much as he wants to get close to 21. If he exceeds 21 after drawing a card, his stake is lost, and the dealer goes to the next player. To avoid risk, the player can stop asking for cards and say “I’m staying” before going over 21. The dealer then passes to the next player.
After performing the same operation with all the players, the dealer plays for him. He draws cards to reach a number between 17 and 21, and if he exceeds 21, all players who have not reached 21 win. On the other hand, if the dealer manages to reach a score between 17 and 21, the winners are those who have reached a number higher than that of the dealer. The dealer has no choice; he shoots at 16 and stays at 17
For example, if the dealer has 18, the players “left” at 17 lose, but those who have obtained 19, 20, or 21 points win their stake.
Exceptions to blackjack
If a player succeeds in “making blackjack” (that is to say obtaining 21 points in two cards) and the croupier has managed to reach 21 in 3 or more cards, the player having made blackjack wins one and a half times his stake and the dealer wins against all those who have a score equal to or less than 20.
Conversely, if the dealer draws an Ace and a card with a value of 10, he wins against all those who made 21 with 3 cards or more.
There are also 3 special cases specific to blackjack:
Insurance: when the dealer draws an ace first, players can insure against his blackjack by paying 50% of their bets. If the croupier does blackjack, the player who has insured can lose his bet but wins double the initial insurance (he does not lose money, but neither does he win).
The situation is different if the dealer does not do blackjack. The insured player, in the event of a victory, wins his bet but loses the insurance. If he loses, he loses his stake and his insurance.
Split: If a player draws two cards of identical value, he can separate them and make two games. This privilege has a cost: you have to double the initial bet to access it. There is never a blackjack on a split. Note that you can even play on 3 games, although the rule can be capped at 2 games in some casinos.
Doubling: once the second card has been received, the player can double his bet provided that he takes only a third card.
To conclude, we note that some casinos strictly apply French law and accept abandonment after receiving the first two cards. This practice is not always accepted: it is better to look at the rules before such a decision!
In order to perfect your blackjack method, there are many strategies: the great enthusiasts are introduced to ever more ingenious practices to succeed in making blackjack against the dealer … But as always, impossible to do without a minimum of training!…